Associate Professor, Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad Al-Khwarizmi, Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent
DEVELOPMENT OF HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE COMPLEX FOR MONITORING SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS
The study will develop software and hardware for remote system of monitoring and management of crop production. For farmers, clusters working in the agricultural sector, technologies to monitor their agricultural production in greenhouse farm land, automatic irrigation, fertilization and soil-based control systems for each crop will be developed.
Будет разработано программное и аппаратное обеспечение для дистанционного мониторинга и управления сельскохозяйственных культур. Для фермеров, кластеров, работающих в сельскохозяйственном секторе, будут разработаны технологии для мониторинга их сельскохозяйственного производства в парниковых земельных участках фермерских хозяйств, автоматического орошения, удобрения и систем контроля на основе почвы для каждой культуры.
Keywords: sensors, M2M technology, automatic detection and execution of work.
Ключевые слова: Датчики, технология М2М, автоматическое определение и выполнения работы.
The rapid development of modern information and communication technologies is the reason for the large-scale development of all fields in our country, which in turn creates the possibility of carrying out this work through the types and directions. As an example, the rapid development of M2M services, namely the production of products for irrigation and collector-drainage networks and the use of lightweight, low-cost equipment and sensors, their remote control, automatic determination of soil composition without excessive labor, and the creation of an automatic irrigation system. It makes things easier and more comfortable in our daily life.
Among the scientists from Uzbekistan are D. Akobirova, B. Goyibnazarov, M.A. Ikramov, A. Kadirov, N.M. Makhmudov, M. Mahkamova, S. Nasretdinov, B.T. Salimov, B. Samarkhodjaev, A. Sobirov, M.L. Scientists such as Tursunkhozhaev, A.S.Turdiev, B.Yu.Khodiev, N.A. Khashimova, increasing the investment attractiveness of enterprises and attracting investments, reserves of natural resources in the regions, benefits created for investors, the state of infrastructure, investment and innovative activities of business entities who conducted scientific research to identify problems related to development.
Research methods and objects
M2M denotes "Machine to machine", from device to device, i.e. remote device, control of automatic system through a single system, monitoring of processes. These include wired or wireless data transmission technologies, sensor monitoring systems, or similar parametric condition detection devices. For example, in the development and implementation of a remote control system for the products grown in the field of products, in accordance with the requirements of the present time, in order to increase the volume of productivity with innovative methods and increase the efficiency of labor, to determine the state of development of plants and to automatically control it and organize automatic irrigation. data can be transmitted via the GSM network.
The connection of M2M devices through the mobile network is actually carried out through the base station of the mobile operator. Such connection has the following advantages: high reliability, adaptability to the geographical environment, security, etc. One of the other conveniences is that M2M devices can be connected to fixed or mobile devices and provide different types of M2M services to users. When using the mobile type of M2M, the user is given a SIM card with a special module. This type of SIM card is connected to the base station with the 3G or 4G system of the mobile network, depending on its geographical location. Providing M2M services through the above-mentioned mobile network is not expensive from the economic point of view, and the ease of connecting new M2M devices to the network ensures the popularity of this type.
The sequence of operation of the above-mentioned architecture is as follows:
M2M Device: This section provides quick access to M2M services and functions in the domain network. An M2M device can connect to the access network directly, via an M2M local area network, or via an M2M gateway. M2M LAN: This section enables M2M devices to connect to a peer network or M2M gateway.
M2M Gateway: Ensures inter-network communication of M2M devices. M2M gateway M2M devices can work with different applications. In practice, the M2M gateway is included in the overall structure of the M2M device modules. Access network: this part implements the communication of M2M domain devices with the M2M core. It determines the possibility of expanding the types of services in the future depending on the available technologies of M2M access network functionality, thereby determining the level and quality of M2M features. Network Transport: This part performs data "transport" between the network domain and the application domain. This M2M transport network depends on the existing transport network, similar to the access network mentioned above. The M2M transport network depends on the possibility of expanding the types of services in the future, thereby determining the level and quality of M2M services.
Network core: this part consists of a set of base networks and their functional characteristics. M2M core network: This part creates the functionality of M2M network elements over IP links, as an example, service management or network management functions, inter-network data exchange, roaming and security. M2M core network functionality depends on the core network technology in use.
Figure 1. The monitoring process
By putting this system into practice, an automatic system with high efficiency in the field of technology will be established in the indicated area. The monitoring and control device is created through the platform and managed using a web page. In this case, it will be possible to properly feed products and farm crops in an effective way. In addition, improved systems will be introduced in the production and marketing chains of agricultural products, and eventually the possibility of collecting large amounts of electronic data will be created. As a result of their storage and analysis, it is possible to effectively use water, land and other limited resources, and ensure the quality and safety of food.
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