RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF TARGETED ACTIONS OF STUDENTS IN RELATION TO SCIENCE THROUGH 3D MODELING

РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО ФОРМИРОВАНИЮ ЦЕЛЕВЫХ ДЕЙСТВИЙ СТУДЕНТОВ В ОТНОШЕНИИ НАУКИ С ПОМОЩЬЮ 3D МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЯ
Omonova R.R. Omonova D.O.
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Omonova R.R., Omonova D.O. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF TARGETED ACTIONS OF STUDENTS IN RELATION TO SCIENCE THROUGH 3D MODELING // Universum: технические науки : электрон. научн. журн. 2021. 11(92). URL: https://7universum.com/ru/tech/archive/item/12501 (дата обращения: 19.06.2024).
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ABSTRACT

This article provides information about the further development of students interest in computer graphics engineering through 3D modeling.

АННОТАЦИЯ

В данной статье представлена информация о дальнейшем развитии интереса студентов к инженерной компьютерной графике с помощью 3D-моделирования.

 

Keyword: tool, methodical system, teaching method, computer graphics, automated design, technique, pedagogical control, pedagogical play, modeling.

Ключевые слова: инструмент, методическая система, метод обучения, компьютерная графика, автоматизированное проектирование, метод, педагогический контроль, педагогическая игра, моделирование.

 

The use of modeling tool in the teaching of computer graphics science provides practical assistance in the formulation of students ' purposeful actions in relation to science and the emergence of their abilities in this field. Through the factors listed, we believe that it is expedient for the students to carry out the planning of their practical activities on the basis of the following system in addition to the pedagogical means in the acquisition of Science, Engineering Computer Graphics:

  • One is to perform graphic assignments in engineering and in compliance with the state standard and to protect materials consisting of each of them in the form of presentation. In Bunda, students will be tested for their independent performance of graphic tasks and will be able to answer questions during the presentation topshirish process to complete the graphic task in order to control their knowledge in this regard.
  • To carry out the control test assignments on the subject of computer engineering graphics using computer technologies – is a tool for assessing the students personal practical and theoretical knowledge, and forms the general knowledge and skills of Engineering Science;
  • Testing the knowledge of the students in relation to the subject by question - answer method is a convenient way to develop the oral speech of the students and as a result of using this method, the students will be able to fully express their independent thoughts on the subject;
  • Creating and presenting presentations from new material on the topics of independent work – these include activities for students to work on their own using several literature and internet information on the subject, searching for new information on the subject and substantiating their practical application, research and making independent conclusions. This is the result of creative activity, which determines the intellektual abilities of each student.

Figure 1 shows the factors observed in students as a result of using the above modelling tool. In order for the presented psychological factors to give its practical result, the teacher must demonstrate complete managerial abilities in himself. Bunda first of all, the teacher needs to embody all the positive features in relation to his person and in pedagogical terms. Culture, aesthetic taste, attentiveness, norms of decency, politeness, sincerity in relations with students, assertiveness, fluency in speech, master of his profession, aspiring to innovation, good knowledge of each student from a psychological point of view, able to correctly distribute the lesson, be able to practice non – traditional methods and tools in the coverage of the topic using modern computer technologies determine the quality of the lesson. 

 

Figure 1. The form of factors that will develop in students as a result of the use of a three-dimensional modeling tool

 

At present, the use of computer technology not only determines the quality of the educational process, but also evaluates the level of knowledge that the pedagogical teachers operating in these institutions have. In this regard, it is necessary to pay more attention to the teaching of subjects in the field of computer graphics, to implement new pedagogical ideas using the capabilities of computer technology, to fully integrate the graphic education sector with computerization and production.

The rapid development of information and communication technologies requires a serious change in the content of engineering work, the processing of requirements for the preparation of graduates of higher education institutions, as well as new ways of professional evaluation quality. The issue of training competitive personnel in accordance with the new requirements of the labor market has led to an increase in competition among graduates of higher educational institutions. The requirements of specialists to find a practical solution to management and production tasks, the ability to identify the direction of scientific and technical data flow without difficulty, enrichment with constant knowledge, foresee the development of the trend of scientific and technical process and demonstrate the skills of creative thinking. This means that higher education institutions need to improve the quality of the educational process. To fulfill the requirements for the implementation of Personnel Training of Engineers, to introduce a modern system of training in higher educational institutions directly on the subjects of "drawing geometry and engineering graphics", "computer graphics", to improve the educational process, to demonstrate the ability to work in higher educational institutions using information and communication technologies. However, in students, it is possible to achieve high results through the "three-dimensional modeling" tool in the development of skills and skills to be able to carry out high-level design work using modern software systems of the design process. For example, if we take a simple detail drawing, then by constructing its three-dimensional model using graphic programming systems, students can see all of its cases using the capabilities of a graphic program. It is also possible to construct models of topographic surfaces on the basis of three-dimensional modeling and carry out design work on them. This is one of the optimal ways to quickly and qualitatively implement the design process. Therefore, it is necessary to pay more attention to the topics and graphic tasks related to "3D modeling" in the computer graphics curriculum and to develop methodological recommendations on this. 

Choosing the method of training – conducts a "questionnaire survey" with the help of an automated program, which includes questions that determine the interest and attitude of the student to the science after the beginning of the educational activity of the teacher. The results of this "questionnaire-questionnaire" give the teacher the opportunity to choose the method of teaching in this group and help in choosing the optimal method of approach to educational activities.

Facility - 2D and 3D modeling, which are graphic program options, are used to develop students 'spatial imagination and thinking skills in the subject of" computer graphics", as well as to create excellent working skills in graphic programs, which are the basis of the subject of" computer graphics". Modern graphic software systems used in teaching computer graphics science include AutoCad, 3DMAX, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, PaintNet.  

Methodical system - "Computer graphics" includes all the pedagogical and methodological developments that are used in the meaningful Organization of educational activities: 2D and electronic manual based on 3D modeling, textbook, multimedia electronic software pedagogical tool, a set of graphic tasks based on 3D modeling, interactive methods used in the course process. Multimedia electronic software is a pedagogical tool, which covers the topics of lectures and practical classes in computer graphics science, which includes hypermurogens that represent the process of execution of tasks assigned to explain the topics, as well as literature and Internet sites that can be used, which are convenient for explaining the topic during the lecture session. Computer graphics represents the process of execution of graphical tasks on subjects that are subject to practical and laboratory studies. Students will be able to learn the process of performing graphic assignments on each subject using these notes.

Methods of performing graphic tasks on the computer - it is a methodological tool used to develop the knowledge and skills of students in performing graphic tasks in laboratory classes. In addition to learning a few of the ways in which students perform graphic tasks, Bunda ensures that they are able to master the capabilities of graphic programs as perfectly as possible.

2D and interactive methods used in the course of 3D modeling-based learning is a pedagogical method that can be used in explaining, repeating and testing students 'knowledge on practical and laboratory topics, and as a result of the application of interactive techniques, students' activity increases. In this process, it is necessary to attach great importance to the level of complexity of the subject, the time allocated. Proceeding from the topic, several of them can be used: there is a sharpener, a Boomerang, a smart attack, a keys Stade, a quick decision, a zigzag and other types.

Therefore, when improving the quality of education in this area, it is envisaged to ensure the direct use of the forms and tools of this model in the educational process. In conclusion, we can say that the goal of improving the quality of knowledge is an expression from the processing of teaching methods and forms of students in the subjects" computer graphics"," drawing geometry and engineering graphics", the organization of the structure of the qualification skills and the preparation for the future career activity as a professional teacher. 

 

List of used literature:

  1. Mohammad C., Abdugafforovich T. K. Fundamentals and standards of design of a modern fuel station building //Academicia Globe: Inderscience Research. – 2021. – Т. 2. – №. 05. – С. 431-435..
  2. Turayev X. A. et al. Methodical recommendations on the implementation of the theme of forty in drawing lessons graphically //Science and Education. – 2021. – Т. 2. – №. 2. – С. 264-268.
  3. Muhammadiyev E. T., Turayev X. A. Types of computer graphics and their practical importance in human life //Science and Education. – 2021. – Т. 2. – №. 1.
  4. Seerat M., Abdugafforovich T. K. Theoretical and methodical instructions for the implementation of the modern project of the building of the place of storage of food products. – 2021.
Информация об авторах

Teacher of the Department of Fine Arts and engineering graphics, Termez State University, Uzbekistan, Termez

преподаватель кафедры изобразительного искусства и инженерной графики, Термезский государственный университет, Узбекистан, г. Термез

Student of the direction of Fine Arts and engineering graphics, Termez State University, Uzbekistan, Termez

студент направления Изобразительное искусство и инженерная графика, Термезский государственный университет, Узбекистан, г. Термез

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