CONTROL MODELS AND INFORMATION SYSTEM OF COTTON STORAGE IN THE CLASTER SYSTEM

МОДЕЛИ УПРАВЛЕНИЯ И ИНФОРМАЦИОННАЯ СИСТЕМА ХРАНЕНИЯ ХЛОПКА В КЛАСТЕРНОЙ СИСТЕМЕ
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Tokhirov A.I., Marasulov I.R. CONTROL MODELS AND INFORMATION SYSTEM OF COTTON STORAGE IN THE CLASTER SYSTEM // Universum: технические науки : электрон. научн. журн. 2021. 11(92). URL: https://7universum.com/ru/tech/archive/item/12486 (дата обращения: 10.08.2022).
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ABSTRACT

The article presents theoretical studies of the technology of minimal soil grinding for the cultivation of cotton and its combined aggregate and its refinement to determine the stability of the process in the process of removing the softening softener, which processes the soil without perverting, into a strip and is considered main robot organ.

АННОТАЦИЯ

В статье представлены теоретические исследования технологии минимального измельчения почвы для выращивания хлопчатника и его комбинированного агрегата и ее доработка для определения устойчивости процесса в процессе удаления смягчающего пластификатора, обрабатывающего почву без извращения, в полосу. и считается основным органом робота.

 

Keywords: combined unit, softening resistance, resistance to soil groove, speed, column, impacts, soil density, soil moisture.

Ключевые слова: комбинированный агрегат, смазка, сопротивление размягчению, сопротивление грунтовой канавке, скорость, столб, удары, плотность грунта, влажность грунта.

 

INTRODUCTION

High-moisture and dirty cottonseeds consist of drying and pre-cleaning to bring them to the weight norms specified in the standards. The implementation of such an operation will allow long-term storage of seed cotton in open and closed warehouses, as well as the impact on the overall technological process of the cotton plant to obtain a quality product, from the creation of information systems based on information systems and other parameters consists of.

METHODOLOGY

Flow cleaning equipment The cotton is dried in the ginning and ginning departments to conditioned humidity, and after being cleaned of weeds, it is sent to the ginnery's main building for ginning. Preliminary processing of ginned cotton is the main operation of the technological process.

in which the cotton fiber is separated from the seed [1].

The main building is a building assembled from several departments that produce finished products of the ginnery. The main body (Figure 1) can accommodate mainly: ginning and fiber cleaning, fiber waste processing and finishing (pressing) of finished fibrous products.

 

Figure 1. The main production building of the ginnery

 

Construction and use of drying kilns. Heat supply of cotton dryers is carried out with the help of a special device heat generators. In them, liquid or natural gas is mixed with atmospheric air at the high temperature obtained during combustion (up to the desired temperature and weight consumption) to reduce the temperature and transfer the gas-air mixture drying agent to the drying chamber (Fig. 2).

 

Figure 2. Technological process of drying wet seed cotton

 

Each cotton drying drum is connected to a heat supply device as usual. The device must be suitable for the heat production capacity, ensure complete combustion of the fuel and prepare a drying agent in the amount that meets the requirements of the initial processing of cotton, sanitary and technological (Figure 3).

 

Figure 3. hot air supply scheme for drying drums

 

When designing heat generators, it is allowed to use technical kerosene and natural gas from fuels that meet the requirements of current standards in terms of physicochemical composition. Installation and installation of heat generators must comply with the design and fire safety requirements for their assembly, tying, drying, storage and processing of cotton, as well as safety regulations in the gas industry.

1 air intake filter chamber;

2 heat generators;

3-fan;

4 smoke pipe;

5 gas pipeline;

6- spark arrestor;

7th supplier;

8- drying drum.

Heat generator: To stop the flow of gas in the event of an airflow interruption, it is equipped with control measuring devices and safety automation devices that prevent the fire in the event of a fire due to a drop in gas pressure in front of the burners and the smoke extractor fails or stops.

 

Figure 4. Scheme of hot air supply to the drying drums through the generator IICH-1,9

 

Figure 5. Dusting equipment used in the drying and cleaning department

 

Centrifugal dust collector. Centrifugal dust traps (cyclones) are dry inertial traps that use centrifugal force created by the circulation of air in the trap body to separate the dust. The dust collector body can be cylindrical, cylindrical-conical or conical [2,4].

DISCUSSION AND RESULTS

Each device is characterized by a dust capture effect, which is determined by the following equation [1,4,6].

where: G1 - total weight of dust in the treated air, mg; S2 - weight of dust held by the device, mg. The effect of dust can also be determined by the difference between the air pollution entering and leaving the dust collector.

where: d1 is the dust of the air entering the dust collector, mg / m3; d2 is the dust of the air leaving the dust collector, mg / m3.

It is recommended that air be removed instead of the screw conveyor to prevent large amounts of dust from escaping from the dust vents. Figure 6 shows a diagram of different types of conical cyclones [3].

 

Figure 6. Drawing of a conical cyclone device

 

1 - rain valve; 2 - inlet pipe; 3 - inner full truncated cone; 4 - outer full truncated cone; 5 - Dust pipe. The total efficiency of several dust collectors installed in series is calculated as a percentage of the following equation:

where: ɳ1, ɳ2, ɳn is the dust retention effect expressed in units of each step set in series.

Table 1.

Basic indicators of cyclones

Cyclone

type

Cyclone

diameters,

mm

Height,

mm

Air consumption,

m3 / s

Hydraulic

resistance

Pa

Cyclone

cleaning

fruit,%

SS-6

USV-ZM

SP-3, SL-3

USV-1,5

2300

1500

1614

1000

6800

4500

4450

3100

6

3

3

1,5

630

650

650

700

85

90

86

88

 

Opposite - anti-dust catchers. equipment with opposite circulation flow are dry type dust collectors. The manufactured VZP vacuum cleaner is also successfully used in chemical and other industries. One of the main features when comparing them with other cyclones is their high efficiency (Figure 7). The VZP-800 and VZP-1200 dust collectors consist of a cylindrical body with a tangential slide 2 at the bottom, an inlet pipe 3, which is placed and operates to transmit the primary flow of placed and dusted air. Cylindrical suction at the axial boundary of the rotated. [3,5].

 

Figure 7. Schematic of VZP vacuum cleaners

 

It is connected to the top of the cone. Placed on the outer surface of the rotator (insert washer) (5), its shape is truncated conical. The hopper part (6) is attached to the perforated vacuum cleaner vacuum-valve flange. At the top of the vacuum cleaner is a tube (7) for venting fresh air. This pipe also circulates the dusty air from the second stream at the same time. A secondary dust air distribution valve (9) is located in the primary dust air inlet pipe.

Improved VZP-MZ vortex dust collectors. They have been redesigned to increase the efficiency of VZP type vacuum cleaners. The improvement of the VZP dust collector was mainly carried out on the design of a secondary high-flow vortex, taking advantage of the spiral transmission of air flow. Work has been done to change the relative cross-section of the hull air duct and the inlet pipe. The modernized vortex vacuum cleaner VZP-MZ is shown in Figure 5, and the technical description is given in the table [6,7,8].

Table 2.

Technical description

Indicators

VZP-800

VZP-1200

VZP-MZ

Rated for fresh air productivity, (m3 / s): amount of consumption.

3

0,65-0,85

6

0,65-0,85

3

0,65-0,85

Aerodynamic resistance, Pa

1 Pa - at 0.65

1100

850

1000

Pa - at 0.85

1800

1500

1500

Air purification efficiency, percent:

fiber in the air transport system of cotton and in the fluff air transport system

93-95  

 

97-98

91-93  

 

97-98

94-96

 

in the air intake system of gin-linter machines

97-98

97-98

at the site of regeneration

98

in the aspiration system of the seed cleaner

98

Vacuum-valve engine power, kW

2,2

2,2

2,2

Overall dimensions, mm:

Height diametric of bunker parts

weight, kg

4800

1200

600

7100

1800

910

5360

1200

600

                

Figure 8. Database structure

 

Figure 9 shows the tools and general structure indicators that can be used to monitor cotton control.

 

Figure 9 The mechanism of operation of the web system in the monitoring process

 

We can see the database architecture shown in Figure 13 for collecting signals from smart sensors and devices for storing and controlling cotton [9].

Web and mobile applications are created for the software based on the model and system, as shown in Figure 14.

 

Figure 10. Software for information system management and monitoring.

 

CONCLUSION

The production of new progressive machines for the initial processing of seed cotton requires the expansion of design, experimental and research work, the development of the machine base and technology of ginning. Based on the current tasks of modernization of technological equipment, in this dissertation the issues of improving the design of the PLA seed storage device were considered and the necessary calculations were made.

 

References:

  1. R. Muradov - Device for trapping heavy mixtures of cotton Improvement of construction of the Republic of Uzbekistan ―Science‖ Tashkent-2007 y.
  2. R. M. Muradov, S.Husanov, A.Karimov ―Heavy mixtures of cotton Ways to increase the effectiveness of retention mon Namangan ‖ -2017
  3. Muradov.R. ―A device for trapping heavy mixtures of cotton monograph on improving the design‖ - ISBN 978-9943-09-106-1 //Oz.Res.FA ―Fan‖ Publishing House, 2007.
  4. R. Muradov, A. Karimov. Theoretical study of stone catcher with many pockets during the primary cotton cleaning process. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research. ISSN 2351-8014 Vol. 2 No. 2 Jun. 2014, pp. 287-295 © 2014
  5. Innovative Space of Scientific Research Journals .http: //www.ijisr.issr-journals.org/
  6. The first patent №IDR 04369 (UZ). Soil tillage tool / Akhmedov A.,Akhmedov U., Rizkiev MR // Official Gazette. –2001. –№1.
  7. Khudoyorov A.N., Mamadaliyev M.X., YUldasheva M.A., Murodov R. Power-efficient method of tillage and its technology model // European science review - Austria, 2017.- №1-2.- R. 212-214
  8. Khudoyorov A. N. , Mamadaliyev M.X., YUldasheva M.A., Murodov R. Motivation of the geometric form of looseners working surface of multifunction unit // European science review- Austria, 2016.- №11-12.- R. 138-140
  9. Khudoyorov A.N., Mamadaliyev M.X. Combined aggregate optimization of softener parameters // AGRO ILM. Tashkent, 2012. №3. - B.50-52
  10. Tokhirov A. Writing control programs for computer numeral control machines. Universum: technical sciences: scientific journal. – № 5(86). Part6. М., Изд. «МЦНО», 2021. – 96 с. – Electron. print version publ.– http://7universum.com/ru/tech/archive/category/586
Информация об авторах

Assistant, Department automation of machine building production, Andijan machine-building institute, Uzbekistan, Andijan

ассистент, кафедра автоматизации машиностроительного производства, Андижанский машиностроительный институт, Узбекистан, г. Андижан

Assistant, Department automation of machine building production, Andijan machine-building institute, Uzbekistan, Andijan

ассистент, кафедра автоматизации машиностроительного производства, Андижанский машиностроительный институт, Узбекистан, г. Андижан

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